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隆重的轶闻 500万彩票软件下载

2019-10-17 05:10

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唇亡齿寒的故事

春秋时候,晋献公想要扩充自己的实力和地盘,就找借口说邻近的虢国经常侵犯晋国的边境,要派兵灭了虢国。可是在晋国和虢国之间隔着一个虞国,讨伐虢国必须经过虞地。“怎样才能顺利通过虞国呢?”晋献公问手下的大臣。大夫荀息说:“虞国国君是个目光短浅、贪图小利的人,只要我们送他价值连城的美玉和宝马,他不会不答应借道的。”晋献公一听有点舍不得,荀息看出了晋献公的心思,就说:“虞虢两国是唇齿相依的近邻,虢国灭了,虞国也不能独存,您的美玉宝马不过是暂时存放在虞公那里罢了。”晋献公采纳了荀息的计策。

虞国国君见到这两们珍贵的礼物,顿时心花怒放,听到荀息说要借道虞国之事时,当时就满口答应下来。虞国大夫宫之奇听说后,赶快阻止道:“不行,不行,虞国和虢国是唇齿相依的近邻,我们两个小国相互依存,有事可以自彼帮助,万一虢国灭了,我们虞国也就难保了。俗话说:‘唇亡齿寒’,没有嘴唇,牙齿也保不住啊!借道给晋国万万使不得。”虞公说:“人家晋国是大国,现在特意送来美玉宝马和咱们交朋友,难道咱们借条道路让他们走走都不行吗?”宫之奇连声叹气,知道虞国离灭亡的日子不远了,于是就带着一家老小离开了虞国。

果然,晋国军队借道虞国,消灭了虢国,随后又把亲自迎接晋军的虞公抓住,灭了虞国。 故事出自《左传·僖公五年》。成语“唇亡齿寒”,比喻双方关系密切,相互依存。

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if the lips are gone, the teeth will be cold

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during the spring and autumn period , duke xian of the state of jin wanted to expand his position of strength and sphere of influence. therefore he would like to send his troops to destroy the state of guo on the pretest that the state of guo often encroached on theborders of the state of jin. but there was a third state, the state of yu,between the state of jin and the state of guo, and the jin army had to cross the state of yu before it could reach the state of guo . "how can my army cross the state of yu without a hitch?" duke xian of the state of jin asked his ministers.xun xi , one of the ministers, said, "the monarch of the state of yu is short - sighted and covets small advantages. if we give him priceless precious stones and fine horses, it is not unlikely that he will allow our army to pass through his country. " seeing that duke xian of the state of jin was a little bit grudging, xun xi continued to say, "the state of yu and the state of guo are neighbor stated as closely related as lips and teeth. the state of yu cannot exist independently if the state of guo is destroyed. your precious stones and fime hores are just left in the care of the monarch of the state of yu." so duke xian of the state of jin accepted xun xi's plan. when the monarch of yu saw the precious gifts, he was elated,and readily promised to let the jin army pass through his state. hearing the news, gong zhiqi, one of the ministers as the state of yu, hastened to admonish the monarch, saying," that won't do.for the state of yu and the state of guo are neighbor states as closely related as lips and teeth. our two small states are interdependent, and can help cach other when problems crop up .if the state of guo were destroyed, it would be difficult for our state of yu to continue to exist. as the common saying goes, if the lips are gone ,the teeth will be cold, the teeth can hardly be kept if the lips are gone. so it won't do at all to allow the jin army pass our state." the monarch of the state of yu said," the state of jin is a big state. now they here specially to present gifts to us with the intention of being on friendly terms with us. under suchcircumstances, how can we refuse to allow them to pass through our state?" hearing this, gong zhiqi sighed repeatedly. knowing that the state of yu would soon be destroyed, gong zhiqi left the state of yu together with his whole family.

as expected, the troops of the state of jin, allowed to pass through the state of yu, destroyed the state of guo and on their return trip captured the monarch of the state of yu who went out personally to meet them, htus destroying the state of yu as well.

this story appears in the chapter " the fifth year of duke xi " in zuo zhuan,the famous commentary by zuo qiuming on the spring and autumn annals. the set phrase " if the lips are gone, the teeth will be cold " is used to mean that two persons or things share a common lot and that is one fails ,the other is in danger.

退避三舍的故事

春秋时候,晋献公听信谗言,杀了太子申生,又派人捉拿申生的弟弟重耳。重耳闻讯,逃出了晋国,在外流忘十几年。

经过千幸万苦,重耳来到楚国。楚成王认为重耳日后必有大作为,就以国群之礼相迎,待他如上宾。 一天,楚王设宴招待重耳,两人饮洒叙话,气氛十分融洽。忽然楚王问重耳:“你若有一天回晋国当上国君,该怎么报答我呢?”重耳略一思索说:“美女待从、珍宝丝绸,大王您有的是,珍禽羽毛,象牙兽皮,更是楚地的盛产,晋国哪有什么珍奇物品献给大王呢?”楚王说:“公子过谦了。话虽然这么说,可总该对我有所表示吧?”重耳笑笑回答道:“要是托您的福。果真能回国当政的话,我愿与贵国友好。假如有一天,晋楚国之间发生战争,我一定命令军队先退避三舍,如果还不能得到您的原谅,我再与您交战。”

四年后,重耳真的回到晋国当了国君,就是历史上有名的晋文公。晋国在他的治理下日益强大。

公元前633年,楚国和晋国的军队在作战时相遇。晋文公为了实现他许下的诺言,下令军队后退九十里,驻扎在城濮。楚军见晋军后退,以为对方害怕了,马上追击。晋军利用楚军骄傲轻敌的弱点,集中兵力,大破楚军,取得了城濮之战的胜利。

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故事出自《左传·僖公二十二年》。成语“退避三舍”比喻不与人相争或主动让步。

retreating about thirty miles as condition for peace

during the spring and autumn period , duke xian of the state of jin killed the crown prince sheng because he had heard slanders about sheng and believed them. he also sent his men to arrest chong er, shen sheng and believed them. he also sent his men to arrest chonh er, shen sheng's brother. hearing the news, chong er escaped from the state of jin, remaining a fugitive for more than ten years.

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after innumerable hardships, chong er arrived at the state of chu at last. king cheng of the state of chu treated him with high respect as he would have treated the ruler of a state, believing that he would have a vright fuure.

one day, king cheng of the state of chu gave a banquet in honoudr of chong er. suddenly, amid the harmonious atmosphere of drinking and talking, king cheng of the state of chu asked chong er. "how will you repay me when you return to the state of jin and become its ruler one day?" after thinking for a moment, chong er said, "you have plenty of beauties and attendants as well as jewelry and silk cloth, and the state of chu abounds in rare brides and animals. what treasure can the state of jin boast having to present to your majesty?" king cheng of the state of chu said, "you are too modest. nevertheless, you still have to show your gratitude to me in one way or another, i presume?" smiling, chong er answered, "if i should be fortunate enouge to return to the state of jin and become its ruler, the state of jin would be friendly to the state of chu. if, one day, there should be a war between the two states, i would definitely order my troops to retreat three she (one she is equivalent to thirty li. the li is a chinese unit of length equivalent to 1/2 kilometre. and, therefore, three she is about thirty miles.) as a condition for peace. if, under that condition, you were still not reconciled, i would have to fight with you."

four years later, as might be expected, chong er returned to the state of jin and became its ruler. he was none other than duke wen of the state of jin famous in ancient chinese history. ruled by him, the state of jin became increasingly powerful.

in the year 533 b.c., the chu troops and the jin troops confronted each other in a battle. faithful to his promise, duke wen of the state of jin ordered his troops to retreat about thirty miles. after retreating, the jin troops were stationed at chengpu. seeing that the jin troops were retreating, the chu troops thought that the enemy troops were afraid, and began chasing them. taking advantage of the chu troops' arrogance and their talking the jin troops lightly, the jin troops concentrated their forces and inflicted a crushing defeat on the chu troops, thus winning the victory of the battle of chengpu.

this set phrase, "retreating about thirty miles as a condition for peace," is derived from the chapter "the twenty-second year of duke xi" in zuozhuan, the famous commentary by zuo qiuming on the spring and autumn annals. the idea of this set phrase is to give way to somebody in order to avoid a conflict.

如火如荼的故事

春秋时代末期,吴国国王夫差连续征服了越国、鲁国和齐国,雄心勃勃,又继续向西北进军,打算一鼓作气征服晋国。

可正在这个时候,越王勾践抄了吴王的后路。他带领军队一直打到吴国的国都姑苏,又派人马占据淮河,把吴王的退路切断了。

这消息给吴王夫差当头泼了一盆冷水,他非常震惊,立即召集文臣武将商量对策。大家说,现在退回去等于两关打了败仗,还会两头挨打;如果能打败晋国,就等于在诸候国中当定了霸主,再回去收拾越王勾践也不算晚。

大主意已经拿定,当务之急是尽快征服晋国。考虑再三,决定出奇制胜。

隆重的轶闻 500万彩票软件下载。一天傍晚,吴王下达了命令。全军将士吃得饱饱的,马也喂足了草料。从全军中挑出三万精兵强将。每一万人摆成一个方阵,共摆三个方阵。每个方阵横竖都是一百人。每一行排头的都是军官司。每十行,也就是一千人,由一个大夫负责。每项一个方阵由一名将军率领。中间的方阵白盔白甲,白衣服,白旗帜,白弓箭,由吴王自己掌握,称为中军;左边的方阵,红盔红甲、红衣服、红简直就像深不可测;右边的方阵则一水儿黑色。半夜出发,黎明时分到达离晋军仅有一里路的地方。天色刚刚显出亮色,吴军鼓声大作,欢呼之声震天动工地。

隆重的轶闻 500万彩票软件下载。晋军从梦中醒来,一看吴军那三个方阵和声威气势,简直都惊呆了:那白色方阵,“望之如荼”——像开满白花的茅草地;那红色方阵,“望之如火”——如像熊熊燃烧的火焰;而那黑色的方阵,简直就象深不可测的大海。

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故事出自《国语·吴语》。成语“如火如荼”,形容某种人群或事物阵容之大,气势之盛。

隆重的轶闻 500万彩票软件下载。like fire and flowering rush

in the years around 480 b.c.,china was in the last phase of the spring and autumn period.fu chai,king of the state of wu,conquered the states of yue,lu and chi one after another.then fu chai,overweeningly ambitious,led his army marching into the northwest in an attempt to conquer the state of jin in one vigorous effort.

but just at that time,gou jian,king of the state of yue,outflanked fu chai and attacked him in the rear.gou jian's army fought one battle after another and arrived in gu su,capital of the state of wu,at last,and took away the big boats of the state of wu.gou jin also sent his troops to occupy the huai river immediately,thus cutting off fu chai's retreat

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the shocking news reached fu chai,king of the state of wu,like a head-on blow to him.so he called his civilian officials and military generals at once to find a way to deal with this serious situation.his civilian officials and military their troops now would mean defeat,and that they would be attacked by both the troops of the jin army and the troops of the yue army.but ,if they could defeat the state of jin,fu chai would become a powerful chief of the princes at that time,and it would not be too late for fu chai to settle with gou jian after that

having made this decision,they knew that a pressing matter of the moment was to conquer th state of jin as quickly as possible.after considering over and over again,they decided to try to defeat the jin army by a surprise move.

one day towards evening,the king of the state of wu gave his orders.the officers and men of the whole army ate their fill,and the steeds were well fed with fodder.30,000 officers and men were chosen from the whole army to from three phalanxes,with 10,000officers and men each.the solders in the middle phalanx wore white suits of armour,and carried white flags and white bows and arrows,and they were led by king of the state of wu fu chai himself.the other two phalanxes were led by senior generals.the soldiers in the left phalanx wore red suits of armour,and carried red flags and red bows and arrows.the in dealing with the case,because the empress would certainly blame him and punish him.how could he solve the problem then? he turned the problem over and over in his mind, and finally thought out a "brilliant scheme".

lai junchen had a sumptuous feast prepared,and invited zhou xing to his home. the two of them urged each other to drink,and they talked while drinking.after the wine had gone round three times,i often come across prisoners who stubbournly refuse to admit they are guilty.i wonder if you have any effective measures." hearing this,zhou xing said,"get a big vat,scorch it hot with charcoal fire all around,and then let the prisoner come into the vat.will the prisoner fail to make a comfession of his crime?"hearing this,laijunchen nodded his head in approval repeatedly.he then ordered his subordinates to bring a big vat ,and had a charcoal fire lit all around it as zhou xing had said.he then turned to zhou xing and said,"someone in the rebellion.the empress has ordered me to deal with the case severely.so i beg your pardon,but would you kindly step into the soldiers in the right phalanx wore black suits of armour,and carried black flags and black bows and arrows.the whole army set out at midnight,and arrived at dawn at a place within a li's distance of the jin army.when the day was beginning to break,the soldiers of the wu army began to berat the drums heavily and their shoutings resounded like rolls of thunder.

awakening from their dreams,the solders of the jin army were almost stupefied by the imposing manner of the three phalanxes of the wu army.the white phalanx was like a field covered with flowering rush,the red phalanx was like a burning fire,and the black phalanx was simply like a sea too deep to fathom.

this story comes from comversations from the states.later generations often use the set phrase "like fire and flowering rush"to refer to tremendous momentum.

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